WSL2 | Windows Subsystem for Linux

Hello guys

Hope you and your loved ones are safe and secure during this tough period. I am home stuck from almost 3 months and hoping that the normality will resume very soon.

So, during the lockdown I’ve decided to take some “risks” by upgrading my production computers/laptop with the forthcoming version of Windows 10 2004 for Windows Subsystem for Linux aka WSL2 using Windows Insider preview ISO.

I work with real Linux enterprise servers at work & throughout last 10 years got myself accustomed with writing simple shell scripts and other Linux specific activities, so that I can handle them as comfortable as I interact with Windows Servers. I usually don’t get in to the silly arguments like which OS is better by comparing the features & other aspects. We never had issues with Windows Servers, neither had issues with Linux servers as we maintained them meticulously.

So, why subsystem for linux is important? Well, not many have the luxury of working with Linux servers. Especially students and developers from small business which depend completely on Windows environments. Subsystem for Linux on Windows opens doors for those who desperately need Linux environment & WSL is their friend. Unlike a virtual machine hosted on Oracle VirtualBox or VMWare, the user don’t have to dedicate hardware resources specifically for WSL & environment is always available. The only feature you may lack should be the ability to start the services automatically. Well, I am sure within a short time Microsoft will figureout a way to.

Okay, let us see how we can start availing WSL2 on Windows 10 already!

Please note, if you are not ready to take the responsibility of what you are going to do, please don’t attempt the below instructions which includes upgrading your Windows 10 version with yet to be officially released version of the same OS.

Once you upgraded your Windows 10 to version 2004

You are all ready to go. Please make sure that you have all the cumulative updates applied before proceeding.

Please note, if you are using Oracle VirtualBox on regular basis, I will suggest that you reconsider proceeding further. Enabling few of the Windows 10 features for WSL2 will completely compromise/degrade the performance of the Virtualizer and you will not even able to start your virtual machines (at times)

In order to avail the WSL2 functionality, you will have to enable few additional features of Windows 10.

I am upgrading my existing WSL to WSL2. If you are trying to configure WSL for the first time, Please refer documents explaining how to thoroughly (I have few posts towards enabling WSL with my blog, you may refer them)

You need to enable “Virtual Machine Platform” and restart the computer before upgrading WSL to WSL2.

Alternatively, you may use powershell as administrator to enable these features.

dism.exe /online /enable-feature /featurename:Microsoft-Windows-Subsystem-Linux /all /norestart
dism.exe /online /enable-feature /featurename:VirtualMachinePlatform /all /norestart

Please note, if you are using PowerShell, make sure that after enabling the features, you will restart the computer as both shell commands have /norestart switch

Once you restart the computer, you can try to upgrade your existing WSL to WSL2

Either from elevated PowerShell or CMD issue the following command

wsl --set-default-version 2

This is going to take a while, to complete. Once the upgrade has been completed you can start upgrading your existing WSL distros.

Before upgrading your WSL distros, you need to update the existing WSL kernel. Currently, you need to download and manually install the upgraded kernel, and let us hope Microsoft will include the kernel updates for WSL within their update packages.

Please visit the link https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/windows/wsl/wsl2-kernel and follow instructions to download and install the kernel. Post installation, you can start upgrading your existing distros.

Open a command prompt as administrator and issue the following command

wsl --list --verbos

This should list all the distros you already have on your system and the corrsponding WSL version numbers associated

So, my work laptop has 2 distros and both are already upgraded to WSL2. Regardless, let us see how we can upgrade an existing WSL1 distro to WSL2

Consider my distro listing was showing VERSION information as “1” instead of “2”, then I would have issued the following command to upgrade my Ubuntu-18.04 distro

wsl --set-version Ubuntu-18.04 2

That’s all. Your distro will be upgraded to version 2.

My personal takes on WSL2

Well, my interest towards new features are limited to getting them installed and configured. I’ve had very limited handson with the upgraded Ubuntu distro and I was able to have a buttery smooth experiece with XRDP this time. To my utter surprise, Mozilla Firefox loaded without crashing & I felt I was truly interacting with a real Linux machine.

Please refer my previous posts towards WSL about installing XRDP, MySQL and other software those are usually configured on Linux environments.

Guys, almost every other tip and tricks I have listed are coming from many sites and I encourage you to visit those sites for further reading. All I have done was to put them in single place and to post this consolidated thread.

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/windows/wsl/install-win10

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/windows/wsl/wsl2-kernel

https://www.bleepingcomputer.com/news/microsoft/windows-10-2004-to-upgrade-wsl2-linux-kernels-via-windows-update/

I will be investing more time for WSL2 once after I get back to Office & hoping to post more interesting stuffs based on my findings. Until then, please stay safe and healthy.

regards,

rajesh

Windows 10 | Mobile HotSpot| We (don’t) have a solution

Hello guys

Cannot get the mobile HotSpot fully functional on Windows 10? Were you searching for a single stop solution, then you are at a very wrong place(?) move on. We are going to discuss about a strange behavior associated with, else almost a perfect solution provided by Microsoft for tethering the available internet connectivity.

At our corporate LAN, we use two different sets of IP addresses. One provided by the ISP (front facing) and the Class C IP addresses for the domain member computers and other devices.

We had a sysadmin laptop that is configured to use internet without filtering (AKA Watch Guard Edge device) by letting the traffic through the ISP router & a Class C IP address for LAN connectivity. Most of the sysadmins use the same settings for ease and had some difficulties with this particular laptop.

Mobile HotSpot starts, however the connected devices do not get IP addresses issued and no internet connectivity. Resetting IP & Winsock and windows provided troubleshooters didn’t fix anything & on a “divine” call we decided to change the IP addresses used.

For example, We had

168.x.x.204/255.255.255.224 (ISP) and 131.x.x.46/24 (LAN, don’t frown, we had these public IP ranges used within the LAN, dating back to 1990s) for the single network interface which didn’t work for Mobile HotSpot, so we changed the ISP IP address with an IP from another set of readily available public IPs and viola! the Mobile HotSpot sprang to life immediately.

We did route table matches between both IP settings and couldn’t find any differences, however, the first setup completely failing to issue IP addresses & connectivity. As we failed do the maths, gave it a rest and started “enjoying” the internet. Yay! So if you are in the same situation and have spare IP addresses, give it a try.

regards,

rajesh

Oracle SQL Developer 19.x.x & ORA-20001: Oracle error -6502: ORA-06502: PL/SQL: numeric or value error: character string buffer too small has been detected in fnd_global.set_nls

Hi guys

Okay, so you switched to Oracle SQL Developer for the main reason that the suite is from Oracle & it is absolutely free and putting loads of efforts to get accustomed with certain “JAVA” platform limitations (as per developers).

Everything is fine until you start getting “ORA-20001: Oracle error -6502: ORA-06502: PL/SQL: numeric or value error: character string buffer too small has been detected in fnd_global.set_nls” or errors those WERE never happening while you were trying to execute years old PL/SQL blocks which were always completing successfully using Quest TOAD or at SQL prompt itself.

Before scavenging through your archives to find the Toad Installer for a re-installation, give the following exercise a try.

Applicable to Windows ONLY!

Go to user specific “AppData\Roaming” folder, eg: C:\Users\rajesh\AppData\Roaming

and delete both the folders, “SQL Developer” & “sqldeveloper”

Usually whenever you download and start the latest version of SQL Developer, the new version checks for the older versions under Roaming profile & if found, prompts the user asking whether the existing preferences should be copied (that includes already saved connections and other setting you may have made), which may cause errors like the ONE I have had once after migrating 19.2.x to 19.4.x

Regardless whether you were using previous versions or NOT, deleting all folders for “SQL Developer” under the roaming profile will force the latest version of Oracle SQL Developer to start afresh & most probably will take care of unreliable error messages (Confirmed by running the PL/SQL blocks without outputting the same errors using Quest TOAD)

Thank me later ;)

rajesh

Windows 10 | Surround Sound & VLC Player

Hello guys

One of the most complicated “problems” I have had with Windows 10 was, using built-in “Movies & TV” instead of my favorite VLC Player, just because the later “fails” to play 5.1 surround sound, which I love

It looks like Microsoft Windows “Movies & TV” by default enables HDMI audio passthrough, thus surround sound is channeled rightfully.

Let us see a typical scenario:

  • Your PC is connected to a SmartTV that has Android TV (on HDMI Port 2)
  • Your TV is connected to AVR on ARC using HDMI (on HDMI Port 3)
  • Your PC shows your TV as your default “Speaker”
  • You setup 5.1 surround sound (unfortunately, you cannot test the setup us Windows doesn’t do the HDMI audio passthrough, instead the applications those are equipped with HDMI audio passthrough)

You try to play your video clip that has AC-3 6 channel audio, using VLC. What you hear is stereo only & toggling through the AVR’s different Audio formats do not do anything.

Now, here is the catch. By default VLC doesn’t enable HDMI passthrough. If you are using VLC 3.x.x versions, you can easily turn on the HDMI audio passthrough from Tools ->Preferences -> Audio

Select either “Enabled (AC3/DTS only) or Enabled. Switch to the one works for you.

Try to play the video again. One of the interesting factor I recognized that, once the HDMI/SPDIF audio passthrough enabled, VLC doesn’t care whether your speaker setup is surround (5.1, 7.1, x.x) or not. It just does the audio channel routing.

Try and let me know whether it works for you.

regards,

rajesh

Install Oracle forms & reports 12.2.1.4 with Weblogic 12c 12.2.1.4

Hi guys

Last reviewed on: 20th January 2021

Linking this document with an article that explains how a sample application could be published using a newly setup Weblogic environment.

Last reviewed on: 17th January 2021

Please do not try to install Weblogic 14.1.1.0, that supports only JAVA deployments as on date. Oracle says they are committed to release a version that supports Oracle Forms and Reports & the stack is under development.

Last reviewed on: 24th December 2020

Few days back I received an interesting message from one of the visitors, having troubles with their WebLogic installation, inquiring about the frequent crashes. My visitor Mr. Rabin Mitra later figured out it was due to using 32Bit JDK with 64Bit WebLogic infrastructure.

After successfully executing "startnodemanger.cmd" and "startWeblogic.cmd", I am able to start the Weblogic Console UI. However, any action (such as clicking on Server button) within the UI crashes Weblogic! The error is as follows:

# There is insufficient memory for the Java Runtime Environment to continue.
# Native memory allocation (malloc) failed to allocate 1210952 bytes for Chunk::new

Mr. Rabin has confirmed that he had to uninstall the complete WebLogic installation & redo as replacing 32Bit JDK with 64Bit was not sufficient enough to address the continued issues with installation. Please go through the below text and links, incase if you are in the same “soup” ;)

I am happy to report that the 32-bit version of JDK on my 64-bit machine was indeed the problem. However, merely replacing the JDK does not solve the problem. The reason for this is that the jar file for WebLogic was extracted using the 32-bit JDK. This implies that the WebLogic must as well be reinstalled. This again in turn means that the Domain must be re-created and since the domain is associated with a repository, the repository must also be reinstalled. So, it turns out that one must dismantle each piece and reinstall it from scratch!


Installing the JDK is the #1 instruction. So, an incorrect choice here pretty much sets you back completely. You may want to provide this as a caution to your readers.

So here briefly is the sequence of events one must follow if they chose an incorrect version of JDK.

This note was followed by few links:

  1. Uninstall Forms and Reports 12c
    https://docs.oracle.com/middleware/1221/formsandreports/install-fnr/deinstall.htm#FRINS301
  2. Stop the Fusion Middleware Environment
    https://docs.oracle.com/middleware/1212/core/ASADM/start.htm#ASADM138
  3. Uninstall the Oracle Enterprise Repository
    https://docs.oracle.com/middleware/1213/oer/install-oer/uninstall.htm#OERIG380
  4. Uninstall Weblogic software
    http://www.catgovind.com/weblogic/how-to-uninstall-weblogic-12c/
  5. Remove Weblogic Domain (For Linux, but it is really deleting a folder). I whacked the entire c:\Weblogic\Middleware\Oracle_home at the root!
    https://www.learn-it-with-examples.com/middleware/weblogic/common-tasks/remove-weblogic-domain.html
  6. Uninstall JDK
  7. https://java.tutorials24x7.com/blog/how-to-uninstall-java-from-windows

Last reviewed on: 13th September 2020.

This time we are going to see how we could install and configure Oracle forms & reports 12.2.1.4, the latest version using WebLogic Server 12c 12.2.1.4

Side Note: Kindly refer this document from Oracle https://docs.oracle.com/en/middleware/fusion-middleware/12.2.1.3/sysrs/system-requirements-and-specifications.pdf

The Visual C++ requirements mentioned for 12.2.1.3 should suffice 12.2.1.4 also, without which you will NOT able to startup OHS instance.

Prior Installing Oracle Server Software on your computer, please make sure that your computer has a proper name (hostname) like “JOHN-PC, RAJESH-PC, ORACLE-SERVER” etc instead of defaults like ‘DESKTOP-jyyytyuukkyjj’ after an installation of Windows. In addition, please make sure that your laptop/Desktop machine has a Static IP address.

As a rule of thumb, regardless whether you are going to install and configure Oracle software on LINUX or Windows operating systems, always update the OS to latest patch levels, prior you start with the Oracle software installation(s). I strongly recommend using Oracle VirtualBox based Virtual Machines for the lab & later you may move the tried out solution to your preferred environments (TEST, Development). I don’t recommend any of the suggestions I make through my blog posts to be applied to PRODUCTION environments without consulting a Professional support entity.

As per Mr. Rabin Mitra’s suggestion, I am adding a clause. “Please double check whether all the software you have downloaded for the installation is of same architecture. The below instructions are for 64Bit Weblogic installation & starting from JDK all the software downloaded must be 64Bit”

Download Software from Oracle

Fusion Middleware Infrastructure Installer (Weblogic)

https://www.oracle.com/middleware/technologies/weblogic-server-installers-downloads.html

Oracle Forms & Reports 12.2.1.4

https://www.oracle.com/middleware/technologies/forms/downloads.html

JAVA SE Development Kit 1.8

https://www.oracle.com/technetwork/java/javase/downloads/jdk8-downloads-2133151.html

Install JDK

I prefer installing JDK on C: drive & Usually my JDK is installed on C:\Java\JDK folder. The shortest name, the best to handle it later. Once the 64Bit JDK is installed, you need to setup either JAVA_HOME environment variable or add a new entry in to the system path. I prefer a system path modification than user path modification.

Okay, there are hell loads of Oracle software installed on my system. Don’t worry, I manage them. Just make sure the JDK installation path is on top of the list and you are good to go

Install Weblogic Server 12.2.1.4

It may take a while for the jar file to extract and start the installer. Please wait patiently. I was setting up the entire infrastructure using Windows 10 VM & due to the limited resources, hence the entire ordeal was kind of time taking this time for me.

You can safely skip the Auto Update

Naming Oracle installation folders is an art. The complex the folder structures, the complex later configurations would be. I usually prefer to install all my Oracle software on D: drive. Please feel comfortable to format the Oracle home as per your requirements. Maintaining the same format helps me to locate and sometimes replace files from previous installations.

Select “Fusion Middleware Infrastructure”

WebLogic or Middleware installation is NOT complex anymore on Windows 10 OS. There are no special hacks needs to complete the installation.

Install forms & reports 12.2.1.4

Extract the downloaded zip file & you MUST start the installer as “Administrator”.

We’ve to install the Forms and Reports stack on an existing Oracle Home. So please select the Oracle Home where you have installed “WebLogic” Server. Alternatively you can always install the stack on a different Oracle Home, which I never tried earlier.

Select “Forms and Reports Deployment”, as the last two versions of Forms & Reports allow you to install a Standalone Forms Builder.

Select the correct JDK Home

Please make sure that you have Visual C++ libraries pre-installed prior proceeding. If you don’t have the VC++ libraries installed, the OHS instance will not start & you might experience additional problems during installation also.

That completes the Forms & Reports 12.2.1.4 installation.

Create a REPO for the Classic Domain

To create a classic domain, you must have a repository available with the database. Weblogic 12c supports Oracle 11G 11.2.0.4 or later database for the repositories & my pick will be always 12c Database as the 11.2.0.4 is only accessible for customers with valid Oracle support. You may refer this document for a detailed “how to” towards installing Oracle 12c database.

From an elevated command prompt, switch to Oracle Home\oracle_common\bin folder & execute “rcu.bat”

Check the below image for details

Choose the defaults

Provide the connection parameters. If the database is on another server, you don’t have to install additional clients, connection parameters will take care of the connection. Refer the below image for details (Adjust according to your database setup)

My 12c Database already has a repository for Forms & Reports 12c 12.2.1.3, hence I created a new prefix “DEV1”. If you are creating a repo for the first time, you can use “DEV” or any other 3 letter combination (make sure you will able to remember it laters).

Select all the components as seen with the below image. The selected are mandatory, especially the Metadata Services.

Use the same password everywhere! Unless you are setting up a production instance, use the same password everywhere. Example, I use “Abc1234” for the schemas, Weblogic Admin account, node manager etc, which makes the administration much easier. For production, follow the Oracle standards.

That completes the repository creation for a Classic domain.

Create a Classic Domain for deploying forms & reports application

From an elevated command prompt, switch to Oracle Home\oracle_common\common\bin (eg: D:\Weblogic\Middleware\Oracle_Home\oracle_common\common\bin) & execute config.cmd, that will kick start the classic domain configuration wizard.

Select the defaults, unless you have specifics. We will be creating a new domain with the following example.

Refer the below images and select the same components for a successful domain creation for forms and reports.

As I mentioned earlier, use the same password here, so that you don’t have to worry about forgetting & recovering it at later stages.

We will setup the domain for production (never tried Development, so don’t know how exactly both differ from each other). Leave the JDK selection as it is.

Now, your earlier created repository will come in act. Refer the below image(s) and adjust as per your environment

Make sure all the Schema validations are successful. Next step select components as per the below image

Make sure the Server Group is filled the value as seen with the below image. Don’t miss it!

We’ll add an instance OHS now. Click on the add button and refer the below images for more details

Fill in the Listen Address with “localhost” and leave rest to defaults

That finishes the creation of your classic domain.

You should able to access the newly created WebLogic admin server through the URL http://localhost:7001/console

I’m hurrying to publish the POST without further delays, as I am once again caught up with multiple assignments & keeping up with promises are NOT something I look up to at this time. However, I will add up the missing configurations for OHS and setting up the Forms and reports very soon an an annexure as early as possible!

19th June 2020

Today I installed & configured another Weblogic Server environment & realized that I was supposed to amend this post with more details, is a long due!

I chose a Container+PDB 12c database instance for my Weblogic Server this time. It was fun, finally learning few things about Container and pluggable databases & I am hoping to write another post about setting up Weblogic, Forms and Reports with such a setup in near future.

Now without wasting more time, let us see how to finalize the freshly configured classic domain for Oracle Forms and Reports deployment.

Switch to the your newly created domain’s bin folder from an elevated command prompt. Eg:

“D:\Weblogic\Middleware\Oracle_Home\user_projects\domains\base_domain\bin”. Usually I always installed Oracle software on D: drive & follow the same naming structure for the folders. It helps me to backup and restore configuration & other files that help me to finish setting up the environments faster.

Start the nodemanger now by issuing the command by executing the command “startnodemanger.cmd”

It may take few seconds to minutes until the node manager starts for the first time. Please remember, you shouldn’t close this command window, which will automatically stop the node manager.

Open another elevated command prompt window and switch to your classic domain’s bin folder. Start the Weblogic admin server by issuing the command “startWeblogic.cmd”

Okay, with node manager, 99.9% chances that you may not bite bullet. With Weblogic Admin server, this is not the case. For number reasons, the Server will try to start and give up in the middle. So don’t panic. If the Weblogic Admin Server is not coming up to a “RUNNING” status after extended period of waiting, go ahead and restart your computer. Start node manager and then try to start the weblogic admin server once again.

The initial startup could take up to 5-6 minutes (depending upon your hardware, this time could vary) & you should see a status like below

Remember not to close the window, which will immediately stop the Weblogic Admin Server. The status of the window will keep on updated against the activities happening at the server side. Once started, you can safely keep both node manager and Weblogic Admin Server CMD windows minimized.

You can logon to the Weblogic Admin server from http://localhost:7001/console

Once after successfully logging in, this is the window you are presented with. We’ve to configure both Forms & Report servers now, by trying to start them. This process will keep on adding many elements to your start menu. Let us see we can start Forms (WLS_FORMS) & Reports (WLS_REPORTS) servers now

Click on the “Control” tab, select both “WLS_FORMS” & “WLS_REPORTS” from servers and press the “Start” button. Once start button clicked, you can press the refresh button to monitor the status of the Servers. Do not forget to click the refresh button again to stop refreshing once after the servers show the status “Running”

It could take minutes for both the servers to reach the “Running” stage. Keep watching the Admin Server command window for unexpected errors. If you have followed all the steps as I’ve instructed throughout my thread, I can confidently say that you shouldn’t have a single hick up until this moment.

Once both servers are running, we can complete the OHS setup finally. Open another elevated command prompt. Switch to Oracle_Common\common\bin folder

Eg: D:\Weblogic\Middleware\Oracle_Home\oracle_common\common\bin and start Weblogic Scripting Tool (wlst)

Now you can issue the command “ohs_updateInstances()” at the wlst prompt & once the configuration completed, exit wlst by issuing “exit()”

You can try to logon to Weblogic Enterprise Manager console and start the newly setup OHS instance now.

Logon to Weblogic Enterprise Manager from http://localhost:7001/em & click the carousal menu by the left hand side

and expand HTTP Server to view your newly created OHS instance. In our case “ohs1”. Click on “ohs1” to open the control panel for the instance

Click the Start up button to start the OHS instance & after showing you message window stating you cannot stop the starting/stopping process, OHS will start. It could take few seconds to minutes depending upon your hardware and available resources.

Give special attention to “Machine Name”.

Now we will see how to bring OHS instance in action by setting up the few other factors like node manager security, configuration files.

Logon to Weblogic console @ http://localhost:7001/console

Lock & Edit the domain security values, please refer the image below for details

nm

Provide a meaningful name for the node manager account and supply a password. I used the same password for the total 12c deployment, unless you are setting up a PRODUCTION instance, you may use the common password across the 12c instances for easy administration of objects when required. Shutdown the services (better). Once the node manager properties are changed, restart the WLS admin server. Please note, always stop all running servers (forms & reports) services prior shutting down the Admin server & I suggest you gracefully shutdown the Admin server by running “StopWeblogic.cmd” instead of using the Weblogic console.

Move to your Oracle Home folder. I have installed Weblogic server in D:\Weblogic\Middleware folder, hence my Oracle home folder is

D:\Weblogic\Middleware\Oracle_Home\

(Adjust your paths accordingly)

Edit forms.conf file in the folder D:\Weblogic\Middleware\Oracle_Home\forms\templates\config\

By default this template file comes with commented examples, like following

#<Location /forms/>
#        SetHandler weblogic-handler
#        WebLogicHost host
#        WeblogicPort port
#</Location>

You need to uncomment one of the blocks starting from <Location /forms> until </Location> & add properties specific to your deployment, for example, my computer’s name is “RAJESH-PC” and I am using default ports for both forms and reports applications, hence I have the properties set like following

<Location /forms/>
SetHandler weblogic-handler
WebLogicHost HOME-THEATER
WebLogicPort 9001
</Location>

Once altered, copy forms.conf to OHS instance “moduleconf” folder. I have copied the file to following location: (Alter according to your setup)

D:\Weblogic\Middleware\Oracle_Home\user_projects\domains\base_domain\config\fmwconfig\components\OHS\instances\ohs1\moduleconf

Now we will edit the configuration file for reports

Switch to “D:\Weblogic\Middleware\Oracle_Home\reports\conf” folder & edit “reports_ohs.conf” and add a block like following (alter according to your setup)

<Location /reports/>
SetHandler weblogic-handler
WebLogicHost HOME-THEATER
WebLogicPort 9002
</Location>

Copy the edited file to

D:\Weblogic\Middleware\Oracle_Home\user_projects\domains\base_domain\config\fmwconfig\components\OHS\instances\ohs1\moduleconf

Now the OHS instance know about the deployments and once after restarted, you can try to start the forms based application through the OHS instance, rather than calling it against the default port (9001)

Once the OHS instance is updated with the new information, try to start the OHS instance from a command prompt using storeUserConfig parameter

D:\Weblogic\Middleware\Oracle_Home\user_projects\domains\base_domain\bin>startComponent.cmd ohs1 storeUserConfig

ohs_manually

1st run, you will be prompted for node manager password, supply the password you have setup earlier and OHS instance should start without creating a fuzz in usual scenarios

In future if you want to start the OHS instance, unless made changes to the configurations, just run

D:\Weblogic\Middleware\Oracle_Home\user_projects\domains\base_domain\bin>startComponent.cmd ohs1

Above concludes the 1st of level of configurations for Oracle forms based application. You can use Weblogic 12c Enterprise Manager to configure most of the forms environment related parameters like forms path and other, while I am yet to find out relevant configuration areas for reports.

image

You can manually modify the formsweb.cfg & default.env files to start with as well

Regardless whether you are going to use the in-process report server or a stand alone instance of the reports, many changes should be made to the configuration files, so that you can call the reports server from a Forms module

Generally we will be modifying multiple configuration files, I will try my level best to provide the exact locations for the files which you should change according to your installation preferences

Configuration files path (Please note, through versions, there are minor changes happened to these configuration files. The images below were copied from my previous post about configuring for deployment, however the settings remain the same for 12.2.1.4 (as tested on 19th June 2020))

D:\Weblogic\Middleware\Oracle_Home\user_projects\domains\base_domain\config\fmwconfig\servers\WLS_REPORTS\applications\reports_12.2.1\configuration

  1. rwservlet.properties – Servlet specific properties
  2. rwserver.conf – Server properties
  3. cgicmd.dat – key mapping file

1. As far you are using in-process reports server, nothing much to alter with “rwservlet.properties” file. Basically you should see entries like following in the opened file:

image


2. rwserver.conf (Please check the below image)

image

3. cgicmd.dat: Many values we supply to call a report using Web.Show_Document method could potentially expose vital information like the database details & many other. “cgicmd.dat” file helps us to map such values to keys and later use them wherever applicable. With this example, I will demonstrate, how the database username, password and service name are mapped using a key. Please check the image attached below

image

Once these configurations files are altered, we need to create a report instance for the WLS_REPORT server. Open an elevated command prompt and switch to “D:\Weblogic\Middleware\Oracle_Home\oracle_common\common\bin”. Start wlst & connect to the server.

Issue the command

createReportsToolsInstance(instanceName='rptools1', machine='AdminServerMachine')

Note, you can choose your own name for the report instance. Once the report instance created, exit wlst and you can try to start the WLS_REPORT server from the weblogic console.

This comprehensive note should help you to quickly start with Oracle Forms & Reports 12c (12.2.1.4)

I am avoiding few elements like publishing a Forms based application for now. If you feel, should be added, please let me know through the comments section.

regards,

rajesh

Windows 10 |The device is being used by another application

Hello guys

Greetings! Yes, I know it was a long break. Trust me, I wanted to post many things, couldn’t as I was too busy (doing my actual job, traveling etc ;) )

Anyway, Windows 10 is never packed with less surprises. Recently I was going through a 4K video clip with multilingual audio tracks & realized that the much celebrated VLC player cannot play it, when the default Movie & TV windows app played the clip without a single break or lag. However, as soon as I tried to switch the default language from “Arabic” to “English” I started getting the error “The device is being used by another application” & the app stopped playing the video (lands on the gallery actually)

I was lucky enough to land on a page with correct solution. https://blog.pcrisk.com/windows/12516-how-to-fix-the-device-is-being-used-by-another-application & “Disable Allow Applications To Take Exclusive Control Of This Device Option” section helped me to finally get over with this major annoyance. Not just that, once done, the app remembers the audio track that you selected & plays the same when you open the same video clip next time! unlike VLC player.

If you landed on this page, looking for a solution, please go through the blog from pcrisk.com & they have multiple solutions to this issue and one of the solutions listed there should help you also.

Hope it helps few out there!

regards,

rajesh

Weblogic 12c | Admin Server startup error(s)

Hello guys

Two days back I’ve seen a tweet from Michael Ferrante asking the “Forms Enthusiasts” to hold their breathe, as Oracle is going to announce something “Exciting” for Oracle forms. Are you EXCITED as much I am? Well, I am pretty sure, it is going to be a push for AuraPlayer, as he has mentioned them in the tweet.

Regardless, I’ve a local instance of Weblogic Server 12.2.1.3, installed and a classic domain created. I stopped using it as my firm decided to drop the idea to migrate our 20+ years old Developer 6i developed ERP to Weblogic due to the complexity of Oracle licensing, followed by the uncertainty of Oracle support for Oracle forms beyond 2025 (Which is just 6 years away).

Hell with it, I wanted to see how far I have configured the domain and ended up setting up the forms server, publishing the half baked legacy application. As I have made more than dozen Weblogic installations in last 2-3 years time, I had almost everything backed up from different installations like configuration files, environment and registry files. All I needed was to copy and replace them at most of the places to bring the legacy application online within couple of hours time.

However, I have noticed that while starting the Weblogic Admin Server (from the command prompt, using supplied .cmd files), I was getting a number of java errors & all of them were related to FADS (Forms Application Development Services) & some text were like below (Sorry for the wrapping issues)

weblogic.application.library.LibraryDeploymentException: [J2EE:160141]
Could not initialize the library Extension-Name: fads-dbtools-library.
Ensure that the deployment unit is a valid library type (WAR, EJB, EAR, plain JAR).
D:\Weblogic\Middleware\Oracle_Home\forms..\sqldeveloper\sqldeveloper\lib\oracle.dbtools-common.jar
(The system cannot find the file specified) with :
D:\Weblogic\Middleware\Oracle_Home\forms..\sqldeveloper\sqldeveloper\lib\oracle.dbtools-common.jar
at weblogic.application.internal.library.LibraryDeploymentFactory.getLibData(LibraryDeploymentFactory.java:98)
at weblogic.application.internal.library.LibraryDeploymentFactory.createDeployment(LibraryDeploymentFactory.java:50)
at weblogic.application.internal.DeploymentManagerImpl.createDeployment(DeploymentManagerImpl.java:195)
at weblogic.application.internal.DeploymentManagerImpl.access$800(DeploymentManagerImpl.java:61)
at weblogic.application.internal.DeploymentManagerImpl$DeploymentCreatorImpl.createDeployment(DeploymentManagerImpl.java:628)
Truncated. see log file for complete stacktrace

weblogic.application.internal.DeploymentStateChecker$DeploymentAssertionError: Unexpected transition: current state for application fads#1.0 : STATE_NEW attempt to transition to STATE_ADMIN
Dumping 2 callbacks
———————- BEGIN CALLBACK DUMP ——-
java.lang.Exception: prepare
at weblogic.application.internal.DeploymentStateChecker.save(DeploymentStateChecker.java:152)
at weblogic.application.internal.DeploymentStateChecker.prepare(DeploymentStateChecker.java:157)
at weblogic.deploy.internal.targetserver.AppContainerInvoker.prepare(AppContainerInvoker.java:65)
at weblogic.deploy.internal.targetserver.AppDeployment.prepare(AppDeployment.java:166)
at weblogic.management.deploy.internal.DeploymentAdapter$1.doPrepare(DeploymentAdapter.java:41)
at weblogic.management.deploy.internal.DeploymentAdapter.prepare(DeploymentAdapter.java:193)
at weblogic.management.deploy.internal.AppTransition$1.transitionApp(AppTransition.java:31)
at weblogic.management.deploy.internal.ConfiguredDeployments$2.doItem(ConfiguredDeployments.java:741)
at weblogic.management.deploy.internal.parallel.BucketInvoker$2.run(BucketInvoker.java:95)
at weblogic.work.ContextWrap.run(ContextWrap.java:46)
at weblogic.work.SelfTuningWorkManagerImpl$WorkAdapterImpl.run(SelfTuningWorkManagerImpl.java:670)
at weblogic.invocation.ComponentInvocationContextManager._runAs(ComponentInvocationContextManager.java:352)
at weblogic.invocation.ComponentInvocationContextManager.runAs(ComponentInvocationContextManager.java:337)
at weblogic.work.LivePartitionUtility.doRunWorkUnderContext(LivePartitionUtility.java:57)
at weblogic.work.PartitionUtility.runWorkUnderContext(PartitionUtility.java:41)
at weblogic.work.SelfTuningWorkManagerImpl.runWorkUnderContext(SelfTuningWorkManagerImpl.java:644)
at weblogic.work.ExecuteThread.execute(ExecuteThread.java:415)
at weblogic.work.ExecuteThread.run(ExecuteThread.java:355)
java.lang.Exception: activate
at weblogic.application.internal.DeploymentStateChecker.save(DeploymentStateChecker.java:152)
at weblogic.application.internal.DeploymentStateChecker.activate(DeploymentStateChecker.java:164)
at weblogic.deploy.internal.targetserver.AppContainerInvoker.activate(AppContainerInvoker.java:90)
at weblogic.deploy.internal.targetserver.BasicDeployment.activate(BasicDeployment.java:274)
at weblogic.deploy.internal.targetserver.BasicDeployment.activateFromServerLifecycle(BasicDeployment.java:507)
at weblogic.management.deploy.internal.DeploymentAdapter$1.doActivate(DeploymentAdapter.java:53)
at weblogic.management.deploy.internal.DeploymentAdapter.activate(DeploymentAdapter.java:202)
at weblogic.management.deploy.internal.AppTransition$2.transitionApp(AppTransition.java:52)
at weblogic.management.deploy.internal.ConfiguredDeployments$2.doItem(ConfiguredDeployments.java:741)
at weblogic.management.deploy.internal.parallel.BucketInvoker$2.run(BucketInvoker.java:95)
at weblogic.work.ContextWrap.run(ContextWrap.java:46)
at weblogic.work.SelfTuningWorkManagerImpl$WorkAdapterImpl.run(SelfTuningWorkManagerImpl.java:670)
at weblogic.invocation.ComponentInvocationContextManager._runAs(ComponentInvocationContextManager.java:352)
at weblogic.invocation.ComponentInvocationContextManager.runAs(ComponentInvocationContextManager.java:337)
at weblogic.work.LivePartitionUtility.doRunWorkUnderContext(LivePartitionUtility.java:57)
at weblogic.work.PartitionUtility.runWorkUnderContext(PartitionUtility.java:41)
at weblogic.work.SelfTuningWorkManagerImpl.runWorkUnderContext(SelfTuningWorkManagerImpl.java:644)
at weblogic.work.ExecuteThread.execute(ExecuteThread.java:415)
at weblogic.work.ExecuteThread.run(ExecuteThread.java:355)
———————- END CALLBACK DUMP ——-
at weblogic.application.internal.DeploymentStateChecker.throwAssertion(DeploymentStateChecker.java:88) at weblogic.application.internal.DeploymentStateChecker.illegal(DeploymentStateChecker.java:107) at weblogic.application.internal.DeploymentStateChecker.up(DeploymentStateChecker.java:122) at weblogic.application.internal.DeploymentStateChecker.activate(DeploymentStateChecker.java:166) at weblogic.deploy.internal.targetserver.AppContainerInvoker.activate(AppContainerInvoker.java:90) Truncated. see log file for complete stacktrace

Basically, these errors NEVER truly interrupt anything with deploying a forms based application, unless you want to do more with FADS. FADS deployment looks for some specific libraries and missing them were generating the above errors. As I mentioned, for a classic domain, addressing this error may not be truly necessary (for testing). I just love NO errors under usual scenarios, hence decided to fix it.

I referred the below documents to find a proper solution

The 1st document insists that we must delete/rename the pre-installed SQLDEVELOPER (3.x) under ORACLE_HOME (eg: D:\Weblogic\Middleware\Oracle_Home) & install a version that is minimum 4.2, however doesn’t mention anything about the highest version supported.

After checking the fads configuration py file, I realized that the files FADS deployment trying to locate during the startup were NOT available with SQLDEVELOPER 18.x:

‘/sqldeveloper/sqldeveloper/lib/oracle.dbtools-common.jar’
‘/sqldeveloper/sqldeveloper/lib/oracle.sqldeveloper.sqlcl.jar’

The 2nd document I referred explained about configuring FADS & the blogger used SQLDEVELOPER 17.2 for his exercise. Hence I downloaded the specific version 17.2, extracted and copied the folder “sqldeveloper” to ORACLE_HOME & followed the instructions as provided within the Oracle document.

Error while using SQLDEVELOPER 18.x

D:\Weblogic\Middleware\Oracle_Home\oracle_common\common\bin>wlst.cmd D:\Weblogic\Middleware\Oracle_Home\forms\fads\fads_config.py
Picked up JAVA_TOOL_OPTIONS: -Djava.vendor=”Sun Microsystems Inc.”
Initializing WebLogic Scripting Tool (WLST) …
Welcome to WebLogic Server Administration Scripting Shell
Type help() for help on available commands

fads configuration script
Admin Server will be shutdown by running this script.
Do you want to continue? [Y/n] :Y
You need to install Oracle SQL Developer 4.2 or higher under ORACLE_HOME. Did you install SQL Developer 4.2? [Y/n] :Y
error:
SQL Developer 4.2 is not installed under D:\Weblogic\Middleware\Oracle_Home
Install it and run this script again.
Download Oracle Sql Developer from http://www.oracle.com.
exiting…
Problem invoking WLST – Traceback (innermost last):
File “D:\Weblogic\Middleware\Oracle_Home\forms\fads\fads_config.py”, line 341, in ?
File “D:\Weblogic\Middleware\Oracle_Home\forms\fads\fads_config.py”, line 207, in fullConfig
NameError: system

Successful configuration using SQLDEVELOPER 17.x

D:\Weblogic\Middleware\Oracle_Home\oracle_common\common\bin>wlst.cmd D:\Weblogic\Middleware\Oracle_Home\forms\fads\fads_config.py
Picked up JAVA_TOOL_OPTIONS: -Djava.vendor=”Sun Microsystems Inc.”
Initializing WebLogic Scripting Tool (WLST) …
Welcome to WebLogic Server Administration Scripting Shell
Type help() for help on available commands

fads configuration script
Admin Server will be shutdown by running this script.
Do you want to continue? [Y/n] :Y
You need to install Oracle SQL Developer 4.2 or higher under ORACLE_HOME. Did you install SQL Developer 4.2? [Y/n] :Y
SQL Developer 4.2 is installed under D:\Weblogic\Middleware\Oracle_Home
connecting to WebLogic:
Please enter your username :weblogic
Please enter your password :
Please enter your server URL [t3://localhost:7001] :
Connecting to t3://localhost:7001 with userid weblogic …
Successfully connected to Admin Server “AdminServer” that belongs to domain “base_domain”.
Warning: An insecure protocol was used to connect to the server.
To ensure on-the-wire security, the SSL port or Admin port should be used instead.
obtaining Admin Server host/port information
Location changed to domainRuntime tree. This is a read-only tree
with DomainMBean as the root MBean.
For more help, use help(‘domainRuntime’)
fadsui.ear:-> D:\Weblogic\Middleware\Oracle_Home\user_projects\applications\base_domain\forms\fads\fads-ui.ear
webservices – http://localhost:7001/fads/apis (updated to http://192.168.125.1:7001/fads/apis)
Saving…
Totals {connections=1, rest=1, updated=1}
updating FADS OWSM policy
creating fads keystore
Already in Domain Runtime Tree
Keystore created
Already in Domain Runtime Tree
Key pair generated
Context is missing, therefore using current context “/WLS/base_domain”.
Successfully configured property “keystore.type”.
Successfully configured property “location”.
Successfully configured property “keystore.sig.csf.key”.
Successfully configured property “keystore.enc.csf.key”.
creating fads WSM policy set
Session started for modification.
Description defaulted to “Global policy attachments for RESTful Resource resources.”
The policy set was created successfully in the session.
Policy reference “oracle/multi_token_rest_service_policy” added.
The configuration override property “propagate.identity.context” having value “true” has been added to the reference to policy with URI “oracle/multi_token_rest_service_policy”.
The policy set restPolicySet is valid.
Creating policy set restPolicySet in repository.
Session committed successfully.
importing fads authorization policy
import fadsWSpolicy passed D:\Weblogic\Middleware\Oracle_Home\forms\fads\policy\fadsWSMPolicy.zip
Importing “META-INF/policies/oracle/binding_authorization_template_fads”
Successfully imported “1” documents
Location changed to edit custom tree. This is a writable tree with No root.
For more help, use help(‘editCustom’)
Starting an edit session …
Started edit session, be sure to save and activate your changes once you are done.
Saving all your changes …
Saved all your changes successfully.
Activating all your changes, this may take a while …
The edit lock associated with this edit session is released once the activation is completed.
Activation completed
shutting down the Admin Server
Shutting down the server AdminServer with force=false while connected to AdminServer …
Disconnected from weblogic server: AdminServer
shutting down the Admin Server
…….done with fads post configuration…………
please start the Admin Server

Exiting WebLogic Scripting Tool.

Once the configurations are successfully completed, the configuration process shuts down the Admin Server. Start the Admin Server & there should not be errors towards missing FADS libraries.

regards,

rajesh

Windows 10 1903 | Oracle VirtualBox virtual machines will not start/open

Hello guys

This is a quick post towards one of the issues I faced once after enabling Windows Sandbox feature that was made available with Windows 10 1903. As Sandbox feature utilizes Hyper-V (regardless whether you have enabled it or not).

Once Sandbox feature enabled, Oracle VirtualBox 6.0.x fails to launch the Virtual Machines.

Although VirtualBox 6.0.x are supposed to support Hyper-V for acceleration, my attempts were futile, forcing me to disable the Sandbox feature, enter BIOS and browse through the virtualization settings.

I can’t say what has resolved the issues. I disabled Sandbox, restarted the box, was unable to launch the Virtual Machines.

Restarted the laptop, entered BIOS and insured that the virtualization was turned on & tried to launch the Virtual Machines and they opened.

So give it a try, if you are stuck with the following error while trying to open a Virtual Machine!

Call to WHvSetupPartition failed: ERROR_SUCCESS (Last=0xc000000d/87) (VERR_NEM_VM_CREATE_FAILED).

regards,

rajesh

Windows Subsystem for Linux | Backup & restore

Hello guys

WSL 2 is almost here! and if you are here, reading this post. Please consider reading about WSL 2

During one of the recent chit-chats, few of my contacts were asking me about the “real” business sense behind Linux on Windows. It is simple. Microsoft is:

Going to integrate LINUX so deep within Windows that, in the very near future, one don’t have to run a separate LINUX Server. Simple like that.

After experimenting with KALI Linux WSL, I managed to install Xfce & XRDP on Ubuntu 18.04 WSL & the only few things I couldn’t do with the WSL was starting services automatically when the subsystem starts. There are hacks, well, I don’t think they really worth a try soon as Microsoft will BE bringing it on to WSL pretty soon.

Now, let us get back to the topic. I’ve installed Ubuntu 18.04 WSL nothing less than half dozen times. Every time something goes wrong & I am forced to uninstall and re-install the WSL to continue with additional experiments. My last attempt was to install Kubuntu desktop, that screwed my Xfce & after 2 days of continuous efforts to “fix” few “unknown” things, I had to uninstall one Ubuntu WSL that had a fully functional WordPress instance :(

So, I decided to learn how to backup a functional WSL, so that if something goes wrong, I can restore & continue

I’ve ready at few places that Windows 10 version 1903 comes with WSL backup functionality out of the box. Until you decide to upgrade your box to 1903, you may use the below for backing up your dear WSL instance.

I came across a pretty decent thread here & a user Jaime’s answer is the apt ONE, missing only few details like /tmp folder.

Make a tar ball as mentioned by Jaime

# cd /
# sudo tar vzcpf /mnt/c/tmp/ubuntu_`date +%Y%m%d_%H`.tar.gz --exclude=/proc --exclude=/dev --exclude=/mnt --exclude=/media --exclude=/lost+found  --exclude=/tmp --exclude=/sys  --exclude=/run / > /mnt/c/tmp/ubuntu_`date +%Y%m%d_%H`.log 2> /mnt/c/tmp/ubuntu_`date +%Y%m%d_%H`.error

Where /mnt/c is C:\> drive of your Windows Machine. You may change /mnt/c/ to /mnt/d/ or /mnt/e/, based on how your partitions are laid. Closely watch the excluded directories. You MUST exclude them.

My tar ball was around 1.5GB in size & I moved the tar ball to another machine which didn’t have WSL activated.

First you have to enable Window Subsystem for linux from Turn Windows Features on or off (If you are not restoring the backup to same Windows Machine). This will ask you to restart your Windows Machine.

Copy the tar ball to a folder, say, D:\wsl

Download launcher.exe from https://github.com/yuk7/wsldl

Copy launcher.exe to D:\wsl

If you are going to restore a Ubuntu 18.04 WSL rename launcher.exe to Ubuntu1804.exe & rename your tar ball to rootfs.tar.gz

Open an elevated command prompt & switch to D:\wsl

and just execute, for example “Ubuntu1804.exe”

It will take a while for the installation to complete. As the superuser thread states, it installs and opens the WSL for you. From next time, all you need to do is to start Ubuntu1804.exe & your WSL instance is up and running!

However, I had an issue with the restored instance. It was related to missing /tmp folder. I found a solution for it with nixcraft article.

https://www.cyberciti.biz/faq/mysqld-innodb-error-unable-to-create-temporary-file/

Prior trying to start any sevices, those you were using with your backed up instance, make sure you create the /tmp folder like below

$sudo chown root:root /tmp
$sudo chmod 1777 /tmp

Now, try to start your services, start xrdp & enjoy!

regards,

rajesh

Windows Subsystem for Linux | WSL | Ubuntu 18.04 with Xfce & Xrdp

Hello guys

As many of us know, starting from Windows 10 1803, Microsoft has made Windows subsystem for Linux running in the background even after the console windows are closed.

Definitely this is a gain for those developers who want to have a Linux environment available always, regardless whether the console windows open or not. My requirements towards the same is pretty limited, as I have live Linux systems for almost all my experiments. However, was never less motivated to explore the WSL environments.

Last time I posted a thread about installing and configuring Ubuntu 18.04 WSL and setting up apache, MySQL.

This time we will see how you could enhance your Ubuntu 18.04 WSL with a proper GUI (Desktop environment). I am sure, majority of the Windows users will appreciate a GUI to interact with Linux against the Linux geeks who prefer command line interactions. In addition, few editors like geany or gedit ONLY could be used in a GUI environment.

We will be using Xfce (light weight desktop manager) & XRDP to achieve the GUI requirements on Ubuntu 18.04 WSL

Fire up your Ubuntu 18.04, and update the instance to the latest

sudo apt update && sudo apt upgrade

This could take a while to complete depending upon your internet connection speed

Once the update & upgrade finished, we will install both Xfce & Xrdp in a single session

sudo apt install xfce4 xrdp

The installation should be pretty smooth and within few minutes everything should complete. Not a single attempt from my end failed to install both Xfce or Xrdp

Once the installation is over, we MUST make sure that the XRDP doesn’t use port 3389 which is used by Microsoft RDP (in case if your Windows 10 is already configured for RDP). Hence we will edit the XRDP configuration file with a different port, in our case 3390

sudo vi /etc/xrdp/xrdp.ini

Change the port from 3389 to 3390 & save the file.

Now we will try start the XRDP service

rajesh@rt04:~$ sudo service xrdp start
* Starting Remote Desktop Protocol server [20190509-12:13:49] [DEBUG] Testing if xrdp can listen on 0.0.0.0 port 3390.
[20190509-12:13:49] [DEBUG] Closed socket 6 (AF_INET6 :: port 3390)
[ OK ]
rajesh@rt04:~$

That’s it

Open Remote Desktop Connection from your Windows Machine & log on!

Supply your WSL username and password. You can use ONE of the existing WSL usernames, in case if your WSL have more than one user.

One of the main issues I found using Xfce4 was few goodies like print screen should be installed by the user prior screenshot capturing could be made (I took screenshots from the remote session & copied them to Windows for this post). This will include adding new keyboard shortcut keys.

We’ll quickly see how to resolve the above said

First install missing “xfce4-screenshooter”

sudo apt install xfce4-screenshooter -y

Once the package installation finished, we will define a new keyboard shortcut that binds “Print Screen” physical button on the keyboard to Xfce4 screenshot shooter package.

Launch Applications -> Settings -> Keyboard

and using the “Add” button, Create a new shortcut. Xfce4 supports different switches to be used with screenshooter package. I’m using the “-f”, for full screen captures.

Be careful when you define the keyboard shortcuts. There is a space between the command and switches, for example

xfce4-screenshooter -f

There is a space between xfce4-screenshooter & the switch “-f”. Once after entering the command and pressing OK will ask you to tap the physical keyboard button that you want to bind with the command. Tap “PrtScr” or other button of your choice & that’s all. Your screen capture should work now.

So why one would even need a GUI over WSL. Well, my answer is short. I always dealt with systems those came with GUI. Many business applications could only be installed over a GUI equipped system. Plus, I am not a geek & after hundreds of attempts I cannot deal with a console based editor like VIM. I feel comfortable with geany/gedit than feeling geeky at mind.

Cheers guys, now your WSL have a GUI. Start think about what YOU can’t do with WSL!

Happy developing!

regards,

rajesh